A quantitative and qualitative research into memory drawing conducted by Ottarsdottir in 2000 is the subject of this chapter. The study was the first comprehensive research that systematically compared the impact of drawing and writing on memory functions. The memory drawing study is therefore a milestone in the history of art therapy, education, psychology and psychotherapy. Memory drawing is a part of art educational therapy which is a therapeutic and educational method invented by the author and discussed in the chapter. The ethical dilemma presented in the publication relates to the SWIPE program in that memory drawing and drawing in general may tap into sensitive emotional material, which might cause further difficulties if the drawing is facilitated by a person who is unaware of the emotional content that may emerge in the drawing process.
A quantitative and qualitative research, into memory drawing, which was conducted in the year 2000, is reviewed in the article. The results of the quantitative research showed that drawing is effective for memorising. Nine weeks after the original memorisation the children recalled the median of five times more words which they had drawn than ones they had written. The qualitative case study reviewed showed the way in which coursework learning was incorporated into art therapy within a school setting. The results of the qualitative research indicated that memory drawing can help children process their emotions relating to difficult experiences. The research shows that drawing facilitates well-being, memory and coursework learning within an art therapeutic and pedagogic framework. The research findings support the aim of the SWIPE program: to facilitate well-being through the arts and interdisciplinary practices (art therapy, pedagogy).
DOI: Doi 10.1016/j.aip.2017.02.002
Koch explores the specific artistic factors in artistic therapies. In doing so, she does not limit herself to the visual arts, but also investigates other arts, such as dance, music and movement. Through the multi-dimensionality of her research into aesthetic media, she overcomes rigid classifications of the effects of artistic action. This qualitative study encourages research and the formulation of theses according to scientific criteria in the field of the visual arts and in questions of aesthetics.
Very descriptive and philosophical article about the role of an “insecure feeling” in the development of personal knowledge and in the development of skills – in the field of aesthetic research and in the field of personal development.
Differentiation between implicit and explicit knowledge – survey about personal knowledge.
Example of how artistic teaching and creative – artistic experience can contribute to the development of knowledge, with an acceptance of insecurity as an contribution in perception and research.
ISBN: 9780367487843, 0367487845 and eText ISBN: 9781315454399, 1315454394
This reference is partly about the way in which art making creates a fresh understanding and a new kind of relationship to the project worked with. The process of creating art leads to increased understanding and awareness, which connects to personal meaning. As a result, the understanding of the project can be more meaningful, as opposed to understanding that is formed solely by reading and writing, which is more connected to a linear process. The subject is discussed in terms of a research project and how such drawing can facilitate coursework learning and at the same time serve therapeutic purposes.
In this chapter Unnur Óttarsdóttir explains how she used drawn diagrams in a research where the methodology of grounded theory was applied. The drawings were applied for:
- Creating concepts
- Create in-depth understanding about phenomena
- Abstract description
- Examining the connection between phenomena, categories and concepts
- Building theories
- Facilitating creativity and intuition.